Also, holiday greeting postcards and other subjects. Copyright: Physical rights are retained by the Earl K. Long Library, University of New Orleans. Government-issued postcards first appeared in Austria in as an economical means of transmitting a message. They swiftly spread throughout Europe and were adopted in the United States in Meanwhile, pictorial postcards were introduced in France in As of July 1, , the Private Mailing Card Act eliminated this inequity, and privately published postcards appeared in increasing number. Charles Goldsmith, a Chicago entrepreneur, obtained from the U. Post Office a license to print souvenir views of the fair on government-issued postals.
Arthur Livingston postcards
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color prints with subjects dating from the s through the s. Photochrom prints, and postcards created by the Detroit Publishing Company. Images.
See how Washington, DC and Smithsonian visitors have shared their trips with others by taking a historic look at the Smithsonian through the picture postcard. Postcards, as we are familiar with them today, have taken a considerable amount of time to develop. First restricted by size, color, and other regulations, postcard production blossomed in the late s and early s. Postcards were popular because they were a quick and easy way for individuals to communicate with each other. Today deltiology, or the collection of postcards, is a popular hobby.
The following is a brief general history of the postcard in the United States. The dates for each time period are not concrete and different sources contain slightly variable dates. It is also important to keep in mind that postcard types produced in one period could also be produced in another, but were simply not produced in the same volume as other card types of the period. Before postcards, some people sent cards through the mail with attached postage.
While we do not have picture envelopes that date from this time period, this envelope with the Smithsonian Institution Building on it is similar to the earlier picture envelopes.
A irbrush – A Technique which colors have been painted using air compression. Very popular with linen postcards where all undesirable elements have been airbrushed away while enhancing the scenes colors. Albumen Print – An image printed on paper using egg albumen the white of an egg mixed along with whey derived from curdled milk. The albumen and whey is boiled, filtered, and then mixed with grains of iodide potassium. These prints usually show a brown, yellow, or purple tone.
Title. Postcard Collection. Date circa , bulk Extent Period Present: Photochrom (sometimes spelled Photochrome) postcards.
A vast number of businesses and photographers produced their own postcards over the years and to simplify things I have only included the major players below. The list is a work in progress. Left to right: Donegal card posted Enniscorthy Castle. Limerick city centre. Best known for their saucy seaside postcards, the company also produced a wide range of topographical cards.
The firm went out of business in the s and their stock was taken over by the firm of ETW Dennis of Scarborough. A publisher of colour collotype postcards depicting national views of the United States and of the United Kingdom. They produced a notable set of historic monotone views of New York City. Their cards were printed in Germany.
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An immigrant from Germany, Curt Teich came from a printing and publishing family. By , the Teich Company became involved with the postcard industry. That same year Teich returned to Germany to learn about innovative German methods of high-volume printing. In , the tariffs imposed on the import of postcards printed in Germany upended companies whose business models depended on German printers to meet the demand for postcards. Some companies like Rotograph went out of business.
Others looked to printers in the United States. One such company was the Hugh C. Leighton Company of Portland Maine. Fearing the increased cost of German imports, Leighton contracted with Teich to print a new series of cards with around 1, views. That same year Teich introduced a new printing technique, offset lithography which allowed them to produce larger runs more rapidly. The majority of the postcards associated with Canada and Caroga Lakes were Teich products.
Production numbers included on the cards allow us to date the cards and to group them in different series.
Curt Teich Co. / Curteich-Chicago / C. T. American Art / C. T. Art-Colortone
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The company printed postcards, view postcards, and advertising cards, and lines, including Curteich-Chicago, C. T. American Art, and C. T. Photochrome.
The acknowledgement of postcards in modern-times is basically non-existent, but during the height of postcards, close to million postcards were mailed in a few years. Today, postcards are seen more of a collectors or novelty item rather than using them to relay a quick and cheap message. Dating back nearly years in the mailing industry, postcards have a rich history not many know about.
Historically they have been used to send a message whether it be personal or advertising and have been a novelty item that could be collected. Throughout history the dimensions for a standard postcard stayed between 5 and 6 inches in length and 4. Postcards have been dated back to as early as in Germany and steadily made their way around the world.
Dating photochrom postcards
People often find themselves in possession of an old postcard and want to know how old it is. If the postcard is used, the most obvious solution is to check the date on the postmark. However, there are many vintage postcards out there that were never mailed, so here are some clues to determining the age of your post card. These are general guidelines. There are exceptions to most of these rules, but these guidelines will give you a general idea of how old your postcard is.
Harbor, San Sebastian, Spain vintage Photochrom Postcard. $ San Sebastian, Spain Tropical Beach Destination Wedding Save the Date Postcard. $
Postcards have a serious and dedicated following of collectors. Vintage postcards, in particular, offer a unique glimpse of the past. The hobby of collecting postcards is so popular that it even has its own word: deltiology , the study and collection of postcards. Postcards as we know them today took a while to develop and had several different stages.
The many different manifestations of postcards make it relatively simple to categorize postcards into various eras. The history of the postcard started in , with a US Congressional Act that allowed the mailing of privately printed cards weighing less than an ounce. Until , postcards were primarily printed by two men: first John P. Charlton and then Hyman L. In , new legislation made private postcards more expensive to mail 2 cents up from 1 cent and prioritized government-issued cards.
Unlike modern cards featuring images, many Private Mailing Cards were blank on one side. This allowed the sender to include a message, because the other side was exclusively for an address see note in image below. In late , Congress passed legislation that allowed private printers to call their cards Post Cards instead of including the long and cumbersome phrase from the Private Mailing Cards.
During this time, pictures started to appear on postcards, but the address was still the only thing allowed on the other side of the card.